The soil is needed before planting can take place. The soil preparation in planting pomegranates is an area you need to have knowledge on so that you don’t make mistake or silly errors when it comes to growing or planting your pomegranate plant.
Sun requirements of pomegranate planting?
For the pomegranate tree to grow and develop properly, it needs or requires six hours of sunlight. Although they may grow in some shade, pomegranate bushes like to be as close to direct sunlight and warmth as possible. Sunlight is essential for photosynthesis, the process through which light, oxygen, and water are converted into energy, whether plants are grown outdoors or indoors. In the absence of this energy, plants cannot grow or bloom. Therefore, poor lighting will significantly impede plant growth or even result in plant death. On the other hand, plants can receive too much sunlight. The majority of fruits need sunlight to grow and flourish.
Sunlight has various advantages for plants, and some of the reasons why pomegranate plants need it are as follows:
- In order for plants to produce the nutrients they need, sunlight energy is necessary.
- Photosynthesis is aided by sunlight
- Plants need sunlight to grow and develop properly.
Planting season of pomegranates ?
The best time to grow pomegranate trees is in the spring. Pomegranate plants require compost or soil, water, sunshine, and heat. Pomegranates are capable of receiving the nutrient they need to begin developing in the spring. Other plants that are sown in the spring are kohlrabi, kale, collards, and Chinese kale, Peas, onions, radishes, radishes, spinach, and lettuce. Basically, in the late winter or early spring, rooted cuttings are planted.
What is the soil preparation in planting pomegranates?
- Establish a planting location that receives full sun and is protected from prevailing wind or humidity
- Ensure to weed and till the soil.
- Incorporate well-rotted manure or compost into the soil (potting mix).
- Create a hole that is twice as big and half as deep as the plant’s roots. Pour a cup of all-purpose fertilizer into bottom of the whole.
- The pomegranate roots should be dispersed widely.
- Fill the hole back up with a mixture of native soil and aged compost or commercial organic planting mix, and compact the soil to prevent air pockets from forming between the roots.
What are the climatic factors for pomegranate planting?
It is a plant that thrives in temperate regions with Mediterranean temperatures, which feature mild winters and hot, dry summers. However, due to its exceptional adaptability, it can also be effectively grown in subtropical climates and semi-arid tropical to desert regions. Climate-related elements including light, temperature, humidity, and rainfall also have a big impact on how well pomegranate plants thrive.
- Temperature: Pomegranates can withstand a lot of heat. Pomegranates have high tolerance for a variety of values, but temperature peaks stand out as particularly noteworthy. It can endure temperatures that frequently go above 38 to 40 °C.
- Rainfall: Pomegranate planting is typically advised for regions with mean annual rainfall between 180 and 1000 mm, ideally those with a rainfall of between 500 and 800 mm1. Pest and disease infestations affect the trees and the fruits itself when there is an excessive amount of rainfall. Management and flowering treatment become challenging and commercially unproductive under these circumstances.
- Light: Pomegranate requires full sunlight for growth and development. Adequate sunlight of six hours will work well for pomegranate.
What is the soil treatment for proper pomegranate planting?
Pomegranate soil is better when it is well drained or slightly alkaline in nature. In treating your soil well for proper pomegranate planting, you must that you employ means that keep the soil well drained and also ensure that the PH level of 5.5 – 7.5 is maintained. Basically, the soil or planting medium should be mildly alkaline to slightly acidic soil. A very little amount of limestone or garden lime should be added to the mixture, as most planting mediums are designed to fall in the neutral range. The soil must be deep and well-draining for pomegranates. They won’t tolerate moist soil, which will cause root rot. By including gypsum and organic matter and mounding the soil before planting, you can enhance heavy soil and increase drainage. Also to improve soil drainage, avoid over watering the soil. Over watering can lead to the weakness and deadness of plant root also.
Orchard preparation prior to pomegranate planting ?
Here are some steps you must to take in preparing your orchard for pomegranate planting.
Site selection: Pick websites that offer the following:
- Choose a sight with abundant water either by rain or irrigation.
- The site should have a rich and fertile soil. Pomegranate should be grown in slightly acidic soil
- Avoid low regions where cold air is trapped by surrounding hills or plants. Ensure the ground is firm, moist, and exposed to sunshine by removing ground cover or keeping groundcover low.
- Avoid cultivating the soil during the cold months.
Site Clearing/ Weeding: Ensure you clear the site from all dirt and weed present.
Pre-Planting activities: Before planting, prepare the soil by plowing, tilling, or spading. Before planting, add organic matter to the soil (such as compost or well-rotted manure) to allow for timely nutrient release and decomposition. If the soil has a pH below 7, add lime. Inorganic nitrogen can also be added to the soil to improve its quality.
Pomegranate planting in pots?
In planting pomegranate in pots, the dwarf pomegranate is advisable to be used. These are best suited for pots or container gardening and are tiny enough to be regarded as big shrubs. Make sure you purchase a variety that will bear fruit. Before we move on to the steps involved in planting pomegranate, let us look at the basic requirement you would be needing before planting.
- Sunlight: Make sure your planting pot is in direct sunlight because pomegranate trees require plenty of sunshine each day to thrive. They can handle some shade, though it isn’t ideal, if necessary.
- Watering: Pomegranates are moderately drought-tolerant once fully grown. Water is essential for the growth of newly planted trees. Your pomegranate may need to be watered frequently possibly daily or even twice a day during the heat of summer period depending on the size of your pot in use, the density of your soil, heat, and wind present In the soil. Also try to keep the soil damp, not wet, even though plants don’t like to sit in water. Ensure that the soil is well drained also.
- Fertilizer application: Pomegranate trees require regular fertilizer, just like the majority of trees that are grown in pots. When you plant it in a pot, incorporate a slow-release organic fertilizer into the soil.
The steps to take in planting pomegranate in pots are:
- Get pomegranate seeds or seedling is available.
- If you want to be able to eat homegrown pomegranates, make sure to purchase a variety that yields edible fruit.
- At least a branch that is 10 inches (25 cm) long should be cut. Apply rooting hormone to the branch’s cut end to encourage growth. Pomegranate plants adore the light and will only produce fruit consistently when they receive enough of it.
- When the plant is still dormant, in February or March, take the cutting. Pomegranate plants cannot survive on a poorly drained soil, so Instead, well-draining or even sandy soil works best for them. Also most pomegranate producers believe that slightly acidic soil is optimal for pomegranates.
- Get your potting mixture ready and well placed into the pot.
- The seeds should be separated from the fleshy aril that surrounds them and planted in the loose soil in the pot with a 1/2-inch-thick layer of soil on top.
- A total number of two to three seeds should be planted in a pot.
Growing zones of pomegranate
The criteria by which gardeners and farmers can ascertain which plants are most likely to thrive in a location is the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 to 10 is ideal for cultivating the pomegranate fruit. The pomegranate prefers warmer conditions. It can be pruned and cultivated into a small tree or let to grow naturally as a shrub. They also enjoy the mild winters and the scorching, arid summers. Temperature degree over 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the growing season is also ideal for them.